Volume 40 - Article 41 | Pages 1167–1210
Impact of delayed effects on human old-age mortality
|Date received:||13 May 2018|
|Date published:||10 May 2019|
|Keywords:||delayed effects, DOHaD, older age mortality patterns, senescence|
|Additional files:||readme.40-41 (text file, 427 Byte)|
|demographic-research.40-41 (zip file, 2 MB)|
|SupMaterials (pdf file, 6 MB)|
Background: There is growing empirical evidence supporting theories of developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD). However, the implications of DOHaD conjectures for aggregate population patterns of human disease, disability, mortality, and aging are poorly understood.
Objective: We empirically test two predictions derived from a formal model of aggregate population-level impacts of DOHaD. This model predicts that populations potentially inﬂuenced by delayed effects should experience singularities in their adult mortality patterns that can be empirically detected from aggregate data.
Methods: We test predictions using a large mortality database for populations in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region, spanning nearly one hundred years of mortality history.
Results: Results are consistent, within explicit bounds of uncertainty, with expected patterns. We ﬁnd that younger cohorts in countries whose mortality decline starts more recently experience deceleration in survival gains at older ages, attenuation of the rate of aging at older ages, and a decline in the association between early childhood and adult mortality.
Conclusions: Results point to the importance of adverse early conditions for human longevity. Future research should shed light on the impact on morbidity, disability, and healthy life expectancy.
Contribution: This paper empirically tests selected predictions from a formal model of aggregate population-level impacts of DOHaD and shows that populations potentially influenced by delayed effects could experience singularities in their adult mortality patterns. We use a large mortality data base for populations in the Latin American and Caribbean region (LAC) spanning nearly one hundred years of mortality history.
Comments: To our knowledge this is the ﬁrst time that implications of DOHaD conjectures for populations' mortality patterns are formulated precisely and empirically tested with aggregate population data.
Andrea Verhulst - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America
Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez - University of California, Los Angeles, United States of America
Alberto Palloni, PhD - University of Wisconsin–Madison, United States of America
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