Volume 41 - Article 19 | Pages 545–578

Economic rationales for kin marriage: Assessing the evidence using Egyptian panel data

By Rania Salem, Sarah Shah

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Date received:05 Jul 2018
Date published:21 Aug 2019
Word count:7100
Keywords:consanguineous marriage, cousin marriage, Egypt, kin endogamy, marriage, Middle East, nuptiality


Background: Although kin marriage is widely practiced in the Middle East, its underlying motivations have not been thoroughly tested.

Methods: We assess evidence for two economic rationales motivating kin unions using a national sample of Egyptians who wed between the 2006 and 2012 waves of the Egypt Labor Market Panel Surveys. The first rationale for kin marriage involves consolidating family property through the marriage of relatives; the second involves avoiding the costly outlays made when nonrelatives wed.

Results: We find that respondents whose natal households owned agricultural land had higher relative risks of marrying a first cousin, and this relationship is significant for the overall sample and for men. Additionally, we find a positive association between value of natal household agricultural enterprise and marriage to a relative for men only. These findings provide limited evidence supporting the first rationale. For the second rationale, we find that women who wed relatives, reported lower bride’s side matrimonial expenditures and lower deferred dower values. However, women who wed first cousins reported higher prompt dower values, indicating mixed support for the second rationale.

Contribution: This study uses nationally representative longitudinal data with proper temporal ordering of key variables to statistically test two motivations for kin marriage. This analysis is carried out for Egypt, the most populous country of the world region containing some of the highest rates of kin marriage. Our results call into question two common assumptions about the economic rationales motivating kin marriage. We offer explanations for these unexpected findings in our conclusions.

Author's Affiliation

Rania Salem - University of Toronto, Canada [Email]
Sarah Shah - University of Toronto, Canada [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» The gendered effects of labour market experiences on marriage timing in Egypt
Volume 35 - Article 11

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