Volume 41 - Article 20 | Pages 579–592 Author has provided data and code for replicating results

How marriages based on bride capture differ: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan

By Susan Steiner, Charles M. Becker

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Date received:25 Apr 2018
Date published:22 Aug 2019
Word count:2476
Keywords:assortative mating, bride capture, forced marriages, Kyrgyzstan
Additional files:readme.41-20 (text file, 5 kB)
 demographic-research.41-20 (zip file, 14 kB)


Background: A significant proportion of women in the Kyrgyz Republic marry via ala kachuu, generally translated as bride capture or kidnapping. Many regard this practice as harmless elopement or a tradition; others perceive it as a form of forced marriage.

Objective: This paper contributes to the understanding of ala kachuu by exploring the extent to which couples in these marriages differ from those in arranged or love marriages.

Methods: We use the 2013 wave of the Life in Kyrgyzstan survey to compute profile similarity indices for the personality of couples. We then regress marriage type on the profile similarity index, controlling for sociodemographic variables.

Results: Couples in marriages resulting from bride capture are far less assortatively matched on personality traits than other couples, especially those who have only recently married.

Conclusions: This greater dissimilarity is consistent with ala kachuu being forced marriage rather than merely staged or ritualized elopement.

Contribution: This paper provides a novel source of evidence on the possible nonconsensual nature of bride capture in Kyrgyzstan, adding further weight to those arguing that it is forced.

Author's Affiliation

Susan Steiner - Center for Evaluation and Development, Germany [Email]
Charles M. Becker - Duke University, United States of America [Email]

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