Volume 41 - Article 33 | Pages 953–1006

Internal migration in the United States: A comprehensive comparative assessment of the Consumer Credit Panel

By Jack DeWaard, Janna Johnson, Stephan Whitaker

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Date received:06 May 2019
Date published:11 Oct 2019
Word count:7292
Keywords:comparative analysis, Consumer Credit Panel, cross-sectional, internal migration, longitudinal


Background: We introduce and provide the first comprehensive comparative assessment of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York/Equifax Consumer Credit Panel (CCP) as a valuable and underutilized dataset for studying internal migration within the United States. Relative to other data sources on US internal migration, the CCP permits highly detailed cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of migration, both temporally and geographically

Objective: We seek to demonstrate the comparative utility and some of the unique advantages of the CCP relative to other data sources on US internal migration.

Methods: We compare cross-sectional and longitudinal estimates of migration from the CCP to similar estimates derived from the American Community Survey, the Current Population Survey, Internal Revenue Service data, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, and the Survey of Income and Program Participation.

Results: Our results firmly establish the comparative utility and clearly illustrate some of the unique advantages of the CCP relative to other data sources on US internal migration.

Conclusions: We conclude by identifying some profitable directions for future research on US internal migration using the CCP, as well as reminding readers of the strengths and limitations of these data.

Contribution: We provide an introduction to the CCP as a comprehensive comparative point of reference to stimulate future research on US internal migration using these data. More broadly, this paper contributes to research on the use of nontraditional data sources to study migration given well-documented problems with the availability, quality, and comparability of migration data from traditional sources.

Author's Affiliation

Jack DeWaard - Population Council, International [Email]
Janna Johnson - University of Minnesota Twin Cities, United States of America [Email]
Stephan Whitaker - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, United States of America [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» The 'New Great Migration' of Blacks to the U.S. South: Estimating duration of residence in the absence of retrospective information
Volume 34 - Article 31

» The temporal dynamics of international migration in Europe: Recent trends
Volume 26 - Article 21

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