Volume 42 - Article 37 | Pages 1057–1096

Mobile phones, digital inequality, and fertility: Longitudinal evidence from Malawi

By Francesco Billari, Valentina Rotondi, Jenny Trinitapoli

Print this page  

 

References

Aker, Jenny C. (2010). Information from markets near and far: Mobile phones and agricultural markets in Niger. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 2(3): 46–59.

Weblink doi:10.1257/app.2.3.46
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Aker, Jenny C. and Fafchamps, Marcel (2014). Mobile phone coverage and producer markets: Evidence from West Africa. The World Bank Economic Review 29(2): 262–292.

Weblink doi:10.1093/wber/lhu006
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Aker, Jenny C., Ksoll, Christopher, and Lybbert, Travis J. (2012). Can mobile phones improve learning? Evidence from a field experiment in Niger. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 4(4): 94–120.

Weblink doi:10.1257/app.4.4.94
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Aker, Jenny C. and Mbiti, Isaac M. (2010). Mobile phones and economic development in Africa. The Journal of Economic Perspectives 24(3): 207–232.

Weblink doi:10.1257/jep.24.3.207
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Allison, Paul D. (2005). Fixed effects regression methods for longitudinal data using SAS. Cary: SAS Institute.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Allison, Paul D. (2009). Fixed effects regression models. Thousand Oaks: SAGE publications.

Weblink doi:10.4135/9781412993869
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Allison, Paul D. and Waterman, Richard P. (2002). Fixed–effects negative binomial regression models. Sociological methodology 32(1): 247–265.

Weblink doi:10.1111/1467-9531.00117
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bachan, Lauren K. (2014). Anticipatory child fostering and household economic security in Malawi. Demographic research 30: 1157.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2014.30.40
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Behrman, Jere R., Kohler, Hans-Peter, and Watkins, Susan Cotts (2002). Social networks and changes in contraceptive use over time: Evidence from a longitudinal study in rural Kenya. Demography 39(4): 713–738.

Weblink doi:10.1353/dem.2002.0033
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Blauw, Sanne and Franses, Philip Hans (2016). Off the hook: Measuring the impact of mobile telephone use on economic development of households in Uganda using copulas. The Journal of Development Studies 52(3): 315–330.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00220388.2015.1056783
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bongaarts, John (2017). Africa’s unique fertility transition. Population and Development Review 43(S1): 39–58.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2016.00164.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bongaarts, John and others (1978). A framework for analyzing the proximate determinants of fertility. Population and development review 4(1): 105–132.

Weblink doi:10.2307/1972149
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bongaarts, John and Watkins, Susan Cotts (1996). Social interactions and contemporary fertility transitions. Population and Development Review : 639–682.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2137804
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Buys, Piet, Dasgupta, Susmita, Thomas, Timothy S., and Wheeler, David (2009). Determinants of a digital divide in Sub-Saharan Africa: A spatial econometric analysis of cell phone coverage. World Development 37(9): 1494–1505.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.01.011
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cox, D.R. (1972). Regression models and life-tables. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Methodological) 34(2): 187–202.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.2517-6161.1972.tb00899.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Della Vigna, Stefano and La Ferrara, Eliana (2015). Economic and social impacts of the media. In: Anderson, Simon, Waldfogel, Joel, and Stromberg, David (eds.). Handbook of media economics: 1A and 1B. North Holland.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Dillon, Andrew (2013). Child labour and schooling responses to production and health shocks in northern Mali. Journal of African Economies 22(2): 276–299.

Weblink doi:10.1093/jae/ejs025
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

DiMaggio, Paul, Hargittai, Eszter, Neuman, W. Russell, and Robinson, John P. (2001). Social implications of the Internet. Annual Review of Sociology 27(1): 307–336.

Weblink doi:10.1146/annurev.soc.27.1.307
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Faria, Vilmar E. and Potter, Joseph E. (1999). 11 television, telenovelas, and fertility change in North-East Brazil. In: Leete, Richard (ed.). Dynamics of values in fertility change. Oxford: Clarendon Press: 252.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hargittai, Eszter (2002). Second-level digital divide: Differences in people’s online skills. First Monday 7(4).

Weblink doi:10.5210/fm.v7i4.942
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hübler, Michael and Hartje, Rebecca (2016). Are smartphones smart for economic development? Economics Letters 141: 130–133.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.econlet.2016.02.001
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

ITU (2010). Information society statistical profiles 2009, Africa. Geneva: International Telecommunications Union.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

ITU (2014). Measuring the information – Society report 2014. Geneva: International Telecommunication Union.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Jack, William and Suri, Tavneet (2014). Risk sharing and transactions Costs: Evidence from Kenya’s mobile money revolution. American Economic Review 104(1): 183–223.

Weblink doi:10.1257/aer.104.1.183
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Jensen, Robert (2007). The digital provide: Information (technology), market performance, and welfare in the South Indian fisheries sector. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 122(3): 879–924.

Weblink doi:10.1162/qjec.122.3.879
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Johnson-Hanks, Jennifer (2004). Uncertainty and the second space: Modern birth timing and the dilemma of education. European Journal of Population / Revue Europeenne de Demographie 20(4): 351.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10680-004-4095-5
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kearney, Melissa S. and Levine, Phillip B. (2015). Media influences on social outcomes: The impact of MTV’s 16 and pregnant on teen childbearing. American Economic Review 105(12): 3597–3632.

Weblink doi:10.1257/aer.20140012
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kohler, Hans-Peter, Behrman, Jere R., and Watkins, Susan C. (2001). The density of social networks and fertility decisions: Evidence from South Nyanza District, Kenya. Demography 38(1): 43–58.

Weblink doi:10.1353/dem.2001.0005
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

La Ferrara, Eliana (2016). Mass media and social change: Can we use television to fight poverty? Journal of the European Economic Association 14(4): 791–827.

Weblink doi:10.1111/jeea.12181
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

La Ferrara, Eliana, Chong, Alberto, and Duryea, Suzanne (2012). Soap operas and fertility: Evidence from Brazil. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 4(4): 1–31.

Weblink doi:10.1257/app.4.4.1
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lester, Richard T., Ritvo, Paul, Mills, Edward J., Kariri, Antony, Karanja, Sarah, Chung, Michael H., Jack, William, Habyarimana, James, Sadatsafavi, Mohsen, Najafzadeh, Mehdi, and others (2010). Effects of a mobile phone short message service on antiretroviral treatment adherence in Kenya (‘WelTel Kenya1’): A randomised trial. The Lancet 376(9755): 1838–1845.

Weblink doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61997-6
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Manacorda, Marco and Tesei, Andrea (2020). Liberation technology: Mobile phones and political mobilization in Africa. Econometrica 88(2): 533–567.

Weblink doi:10.3982/ECTA14392
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

McCarthy, Ona L., Wazwaz, Ola, Calderon, Veronica Osorio, Jado, Iman, Saibov, Salokhiddin, Stavridis, Amina, Gallardo, Jhonny López, Tokhirov, Ravshan, Adada, Samia, Huaynoca, Silvia, and others (2018). Development of an intervention delivered by mobile phone aimed at decreasing unintended pregnancy among young people in three lower middle income countries. BMC public health 18(1): 576.

Weblink doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5477-7
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

McDaniel, Brandon T. and Coyne, Sarah M. (2016). Technoference: The interference of technology in couple relationships and implications for women’s personal and relational well-being. Psychology of Popular Media Culture 5(1): 85.

Weblink doi:10.1037/ppm0000065
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Melkersson, Maria and Rooth, Dan-Olof (2000). Modeling female fertility using inflated count data models. Journal of Population Economics 13(2): 189–203.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s001480050133
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Miller-Ott, Aimee E., Kelly, Lynne, and Duran, Robert L. (2012). The effects of cell phone usage rules on satisfaction in romantic relationships. Communication Quarterly 60(1): 17–34.

Weblink doi:10.1080/01463373.2012.642263
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Mitullah, Winnie V., Samson, Romaric, Wambua, Pauline M., and Balongo, Samuel (2016). AD69: Building on progress: Infrastructure development still a major challenge in Africa.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Montgomery, Mark R. and Casterline, John B. (1996). Social learning, social influence, and new models of fertility. Population and Development Review 22: 151–175.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2808010
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Munyegera, Ggombe Kasim and Matsumoto, Tomoya (2016). Mobile money, remittances, and household welfare: Panel evidence from rural Uganda. World Development 79: 127–137.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.11.006
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Murendo, Conrad and Wollni, Meike (2016). Mobile money and household food security in Uganda.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Norris, Pippa (2001). Digital divide: Civic engagement, information poverty, and the Internet worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Weblink doi:10.1017/CBO9781139164887
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

NSO and ICF (2011). Malawi demographic and health survey report 2010. Zomba: National Statistical Office [of Malawi]; Rockville: ICF.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

NSO and ICF (2017). Malawi demographic and health survey report 2015–2016. Zomba: National Statistical Office [of Malawi]; Rockville: ICF.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Paz Soldan, Valerie A. (2004). How family planning ideas are spread within social groups in rural Malawi. Studies in family planning 35(4): 275–290.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.0039-3665.2004.00031.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Perumean-Chaney, Suzanne E., Morgan, Charity, McDowall, David, and Aban, Inmaculada (2013). Zero-inflated and overdispersed: What’s one to do? Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation 83(9): 1671–1683.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00949655.2012.668550
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Rosenfeld, Michael J. and Thomas, Reuben J. (2012). Searching for a mate: The rise of the Internet as a social intermediary. American Sociological Review 77(4): 523–547.

Weblink doi:10.1177/0003122412448050
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Rotondi, Valentina, Stanca, Luca, and Tomasuolo, Miriam (2017). Connecting alone: Smartphone use, quality of social interactions and well-being. Journal of Economic Psychology 63(2017): 17–26.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.joep.2017.09.001
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Roycroft, Trevor R. and Anantho, Siriwan (2003). Internet subscription in Africa: Policy for a dual digital divide. Telecommunications Policy 27(1): 61–74 (Telecommunications in Africa).

Weblink doi:10.1016/S0308-5961(02)00091-5
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Suri, Tavneet and Jack, William (2016). The long-run poverty and gender impacts of mobile money. Science 354(6317): 1288–1292.

Weblink doi:10.1126/science.aah5309
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Thornton, Arland (2001). The developmental paradigm, reading history sideways, and family change. Demography 38(4): 449–465.

Weblink doi:10.1353/dem.2001.0039
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Timæus, Ian M. and Moultrie, Tom A. (2008). On postponement and birth intervals. Population and Development Review 34(3): 483–510.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2008.00233.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Trudeau, Jennifer (2016). The role of new media on teen sexual behaviors and fertility outcomes – the case of 16 and pregnant. Southern Economic Journal 82(3): 975–1003.

Weblink doi:10.1002/soej.12034
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Zereyesus, Yacob A., Embaye, Weldensie T., Tsiboe, Francis, and Amanor-Boadu, Vincent (2017). Implications of non-farm work to vulnerability to food poverty-recent evidence from northern Ghana. World Development 91: 113–124.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.10.015
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Zurovac, Dejan, Sudoi, Raymond K., Akhwale, Willis S., Ndiritu, Moses, Hamer, Davidson H., Rowe, Alexander K., and Snow, Robert W. (2011). The effect of mobile phone text-message reminders on Kenyan health workers’ adherence to Malaria treatment guidelines: A cluster randomised trial. The Lancet 378(9793): 795–803.

Weblink doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60783-6
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX