Volume 43 - Article 31 | Pages 929–968
An extended evaluation of the weathering hypothesis for birthweight
|Date received:||17 Mar 2020|
|Date published:||16 Sep 2020|
|Keywords:||birth weight, fertility, maternal age, nativity, race/ethnicity, weathering|
Background: Prior weathering research finds that US-born Black women experience more rapidly deteriorating birthweight outcomes at older ages than US-born White women.
Objective: The present study extends this literature by evaluating maternal age–birthweight associations across a variety of racial/ethnic-nativity groups.
Methods: Race/ethnicity-nativity stratified average marginal effects of maternal age on low and very low birthweight are estimated using data from 2014 through 2018 US cohort natality files.
Results: Older maternal ages at birth are associated with higher probabilities of low and very low birthweight for most racial/ethnic-nativity groups. Consistent with the weathering hypothesis, birth at older maternal ages (e.g., 30‒34 or 40+) is more predictive of low and very low birthweight for US-born Black, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and US-born Mexican American women than for US-born Whites. In contrast, some foreign-born populations exhibit relatively weak relationships between maternal age and low birthweight, suggesting the role of healthy immigrant selection.
Contribution: Some disadvantaged racial/ethnic-nativity groups ‒ US-born Black, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and US-born Mexican American women ‒ exhibit more rapid increases in the risk of low birthweight at older maternal ages than US-born White women. These patterns are consistent with the weathering hypothesis. Future research may benefit from using linked family data and sibling modeling approaches to estimate causal models of weathering.
Samuel Fishman - Duke University, United States of America
Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research
The persistent southern disadvantage in US early life mortality, 1965‒2014
Volume 42 - Article 11
Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research
The impact of kin availability, parental religiosity, and nativity on fertility differentials in the late 19th-century United States
Volume 37 - Article 34 | Keywords: fertility, nativity
Stillbirth incidence in Spain: A comparison of native and recent immigrant mothers
Volume 31 - Article 29 | Keywords: birth weight, maternal age
Age patterns of racial/ethnic/nativity differences in disability and physical functioning in the United States
Volume 31 - Article 17 | Keywords: nativity, race/ethnicity
The contribution of increases in family benefits to Australia’s early 21st-century fertility increase: An empirical analysis
Volume 25 - Article 6 | Keywords: fertility, maternal age
Introduction to the Special Collection on The new roles of women and men and implications for families and societies
Volume 48 - Article 29 | Keywords: fertility
Cited References: 92
»View the references of this article
Download to Citation Manager