Volume 44 - Article 9 | Pages 225–238
Japanese adolescents' time use: The role of household income and parental education
|Date received:||19 May 2020|
|Date published:||04 Feb 2021|
|Keywords:||children, Japan, parenting, social inequality, time use|
|Updated Items:||On February 8, 2021, Section 5. Acknowledgements was added at the authors’ request.|
|Weblink:||You will find all publications in this Special Collection on Family Changes and Inequality in East Asia here.|
Background: How children spend their day is closely linked to their social and developmental outcomes. Children’s time use is associated with their parents’ educational and economic capital, making time use a potential reproduction channel for socioeconomic inequalities.
Objective: We evaluate the correlation of natal-family economic resources, parents’ education, and children’s daily time use in Japan.
Methods: Analysing data from a 2006 Japanese time use survey, we use natal-family income, parental education, and the interaction between them to predict in-school and afterschool study time, leisure time, and sleep time for children aged 10‒18.
Results: Children from families with higher incomes and more-educated parents spend a longer time studying after school and less time on sleep and leisure. Parental income and mothers’ and fathers’ education are all independently associated with children’s daily patterns.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that available resources and parental education are important in shaping children’s daily routines and, through these routines, their eventual socioeconomic outcomes.
Contribution: This is the first article to simultaneously assess the impact of income and parental education on children’s study, leisure, and sleep time. It is also the first paper to analyse children’s time use and their natal-family characteristics in Japan.
Ekaterina Hertog - University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Muzhi Zhou - University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research
Singlehood in contemporary Japan: Rating, dating, and waiting for a good match
Volume 44 - Article 10
Housework share and fertility preference in four East Asian countries in 2006 and 2012
Volume 41 - Article 35
A new family equilibrium? Changing dynamics between the gender division of labor and fertility in Great Britain, 1991–2017
Volume 40 - Article 50
Marriage in an immigrant society: Education and the transition to first marriage in Hong Kong
Volume 37 - Article 18
Domestic division of labour and fertility preference in China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan
Volume 36 - Article 18
Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research
Household structure across childhood in four lower- and middle-income countries
Volume 47 - Article 6 | Keywords: children
Increases in shared custody after divorce in the United States
Volume 46 - Article 38 | Keywords: children
The growing number of given names as a clue to the beginning of the demographic transition in Europe
Volume 45 - Article 6 | Keywords: children
Gendered intergenerational time transfers in Estonia
Volume 44 - Article 34 | Keywords: time use
Stepfather families and children's schooling in sub-Saharan Africa: A cross-national study
Volume 44 - Article 27 | Keywords: children
Cited References: 23
»View the references of this article
Download to Citation Manager