Volume 47 - Article 14 | Pages 397–414 Author has provided data and code for replicating results

The association between childlessness and voting turnout in 38 countries

By Ryohei Mogi, Bruno Arpino

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Date received:10 Aug 2021
Date published:13 Sep 2022
Word count:2382
Keywords:childlessness, democracy, low fertility, voting turnout
Additional files:readme.47-14 (text file, 477 Byte)
 demographic-research.47-14 (zip file, 80 kB)


Objective: This descriptive study aims to analyse the association between childlessness and voting turnout.

Methods: We used the first nine rounds of the European Social Survey and logistic regression models to estimate the association between childlessness and having voted in the last national elections using data from 38 countries.

Results: Our results show that childlessness is negatively associated with voting turnout in general. The association is stronger among individuals who are in the late reproductive lifespan (ages 35 to 39, 40 to 44, and 45 to 49), males, and those with lower education. The analyses show also considerable heterogeneity across countries but without a clear pattern.

Contribution: This descriptive study offers evidence to stimulate more theoretical and empirical research on the relationship between childlessness and voting turnout, which is crucial to better understanding the role of demography in the functioning of democracy.

Author's Affiliation

Ryohei Mogi - Syddansk Universitet, Denmark [Email]
Bruno Arpino - Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy [Email]

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