Volume 47 - Article 16 | Pages 453–488
Legal status and health disparities: An examination of health insurance coverage among the foreign-born
|Date received:||09 Aug 2021|
|Date published:||20 Sep 2022|
|Keywords:||health insurance, immigration, imputation, legal status|
Objective: This paper employs a statistical matching procedure to impute the legal status of foreign-born adults in US Census surveys in order to estimate migration status disparities in health insurance coverage.
Methods: Using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, we impute the legal/citizenship (migration) status of immigrants in the National Health Interview Survey.
Results: Results from the pooled data document disparities in health insurance coverage among four citizen/legal status groups: naturalized citizens, lawful permanent residents, legal nonimmigrants, and unauthorized immigrants. Naturalized citizens had the highest rate of health insurance coverage, followed by legal immigrants, legal nonimmigrants, and unauthorized immigrants.
Contribution: The paper presents revised pre–Affordable Care Act (ACA) estimates of health insurance coverage among the foreign-born that are crucial for evaluating the impact of the ACA on reducing or exacerbating disparities in health coverage among migration status groups.
Christal Hamilton - Columbia University, United States of America
Claire Altman - University of Missouri, United States of America
James Bachmeier - Temple University, United States of America
Cody Spence - Temple University, United States of America
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