Volume 24 - Article 27 | Pages 671-708

HIV/AIDS and time allocation in rural Malawi

By Simona Bignami-Van Assche, Ari Van Assche, Philip Anglewicz, Peter Fleming, Catherine van de Ruit

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Date received:05 Jun 2007
Date published:05 May 2011
Word count:5649
Keywords:Africa, AIDS/HIV, economic impact, Malawi, time allocation
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2011.24.27
 

Abstract

AIDS morbidity and mortality are expected to have a large impact on households’ labor supply in rural Malawi since they reduce the time that adults can spend on production for subsistence and on income generating activities. However, the data demands for estimating this impact are high, limiting the amount of empirical evidence. In this paper, we utilize a unique combination of quantitative and qualitative data, including biomarkers for HIV, collected by the Malawi Diffusion and Ideational Change Project, to analyze the impact of AIDS-related morbidity and mortality on time allocation decisions for rural Malawians. We evaluate both the direct effect of HIV/AIDS on the time allocation of affected individuals as well as its indirect effect on the time allocation of surviving household members. We find that the latter is the most important effect of AIDS-related morbidity and mortality, especially on women’s time. Specifically, AIDS induces diversification of income sources, with women reallocating their time from work-intensive (typically farming and heavy chores) to cash-generating tasks (such as casual labor).

Author's Affiliation

Simona Bignami-Van Assche - Université de Montréal, Canada [Email]
Ari Van Assche - HEC Montréal, Canada [Email]
Philip Anglewicz - Tulane University, United States of America [Email]
Peter Fleming - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America [Email]
Catherine van de Ruit - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Intergenerational Transfers in the Era of HIV/AIDS: Evidence from Rural Malawi
Volume 27 - Article 27

» The Malawi Diffusion and Ideational Change Project 2004-06: Data collection, data quality, and analysis of attrition
Volume 20 - Article 21

» Overestimating HIV infection: The construction and accuracy of subjective probabilities of HIV infection in rural Malawi
Volume 20 - Article 6

» Hotspots and Coldspots: Household and village-level variation in orphanhood prevalence in rural Malawi
Volume 19 - Article 32

» An Assessment of the KDICP and MDICP Data Quality: Interviewer Effects, Question Reliability and Sample Attrition
Special Collection 1 - Article 2

» Are we measuring what we want to measure?: An analysis of individual consistency in survey response in rural Malawi
Special Collection 1 - Article 3

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