Volume 25 - Article 21 | Pages 667–694  

Cohort change, diffusion, and support for gender egalitarianism in cross-national perspective

By Fred Pampel

Abstract

Arguments about the spread of gender egalitarian values through a population highlight several sources of change. First, structural arguments point to increases in the proportion of women with high education, jobs with good pay, commitment to careers outside the family, and direct interests in gender equality. Second, value-shift arguments contend that gender norms change with economic affluence among women and men in diverse positions—at all levels of education, for example. Third, diffusion arguments suggest that structural changes lead to adoption of new ideas and values supportive of gender equality by innovative, high-education groups, but that the new ideas later diffuse to other groups. This study tests these arguments by using International Social Survey Program surveys in 1988, 1994, and 2002 for 19 nations to examine gender egalitarianism across 85 cohorts born from roughly 1900 to 1984. Multilevel models support diffusion arguments by demonstrating that the effects of education first strengthen with early adoption of gender egalitarianism and then weaken as other groups come to accept the same views. However, the evidence of a sequence of divergence and convergence in educational differences across cohorts appears most clearly for women in Western nations.

Author's Affiliation

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

Forecasting sex differences in mortality in high income nations: The contribution of smoking
Volume 13 - Article 18

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

Analyzing hyperstable population models
Volume 49 - Article 37    | Keywords: birth trajectory, cohort analysis, cyclical populations, dynamic population model, fertility, hyperstable, period

Measuring the educational gradient of period fertility in 28 European countries: A new approach based on parity-specific fertility estimates
Volume 49 - Article 34    | Keywords: education, Europe, period fertility, quantum, tempo, total fertility rate (TFR)

A Bayesian model for the reconstruction of education- and age-specific fertility rates: An application to African and Latin American countries
Volume 49 - Article 31    | Keywords: age, Bayesian analysis, education, fertility estimation, fertility rates

Attitudes toward work and parenthood following family-building transitions in Sweden: Identifying differences by gender and education
Volume 49 - Article 30    | Keywords: educational inequality, family-building transitions, gender equality, parenthood attitudes, work attitudes

Variable-r in sex ratios: Formulas in honor of Jim Vaupel
Volume 49 - Article 26    | Keywords: cohort analysis, growth rate, sex ratio, variable-r method

Cited References: 51

Download to Citation Manager

PubMed

Google Scholar

Volume
Page
Volume
Article ID