Volume 14 - Article 10 | Pages 179–216
Race/Ethnic differences and age-variation in the effects of birth outcomes on infant mortality in the U.S.
|Date received:||07 Jun 2005|
|Date published:||10 Mar 2006|
|Keywords:||birth outcomes, infant and child mortality, measurements, nonproportional effects, racial/ethnic differences, statistical models|
This paper investigates the effects of birth outcomes on infant mortality for non-Hispanic white, black, and Mexican-American females in the U.S. (1995-1998). Proportional hazard models with age-varying effects of continuous birth outcome measures reveal larger birth outcome effects on neonatal mortality, smaller effects on postneonatal mortality, and moderate age-variation within the neonatal period. Unlike static models, age-varying effect models of early and late gestational age and small birth weight statistically adjust for the black neonatal mortality disadvantage relative to whites.
Daniel A. Powers - University of Texas at Austin, United States of America
W. Parker Frisbie - University of Texas at Austin, United States of America
Robert A. Hummer - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States of America
Starling G. Pullum - University of Texas at Austin, United States of America
Patricio Solis - El Colegio de México, Mexico
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