Volume 24 - Article 9 | Pages 217–224
Should governments in Europe be more aggressive in pushing for gender equality to raise fertility? The second "YES"
|Date published:||02 Feb 2011|
|Keywords:||division of household work, dual-earner couples, fertility, fertility desires, gender equality, gender roles, parental leave, second births|
|Additional files:||Videos (htm file, 20 kB)|
|Weblink:||All publications in this Special Collection "Rostock Debate on Demographic Change" can be found at http://www.demographic-research.org/special/9/|
This paper is based on my contribution to a debate, organized by MPIDR, on the question displayed in the title above. I was asked to present arguments for the "yes"-response (together with Laurent Toulemon, and arguing against the "no"-side represented by Gerda Neyer and Dimiter Philipov). As pointed out in the paper, the most important theoretical reasoning relevant for this question is the gender equity theory. A number of studies provide sound empirical support to it, as discussed in the paper in details, and thereby also a rationale for a positive impact of increased gender equality on fertility. As the dual-earner family is here to stay, and given the well-known negative consequences of long-term very low fertility for a society, pushing for gender equality seems to be a reasonable strategy to be considered aiming for sustainable societal development.
Livia Sz. Oláh - Stockholms Universitet, Sweden
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