Volume 34 - Article 18 | Pages 499–524

Generations and Gender Programme Wave 1 data collection: An overview and assessment of sampling and fieldwork methods, weighting procedures, and cross-sectional representativeness

By Tineke Fokkema, Andrej Kveder, Nicole Hiekel, Tom Emery, Aart C. Liefbroer

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter


Date received:06 Oct 2013
Date published:15 Mar 2016
Word count:7716
Keywords:data collection, data quality, fieldwork, GGS, poststratification, representativeness, response rates, sampling, weighting


Background: The Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) was developed to stimulate the study of a broad range of topics of relevance to population scientists. So far, at least one wave of the GGS has been conducted in 19 countries. If scholars want to use the GGS for comparative purposes, it is essential that there be cross-national equivalence in terms of survey implementation and representativeness.

Objective: The two main goals are (1) to describe the main features of the implementation of the GGS in participating countries, and (2) to describe and evaluate the quality of the data collection of the GGS in terms of its cross-sectional representativeness.

Methods: We use weighted and unweighted GGS data for 18 countries and compare this to country-specific information.

Results: The quality of sampling and fieldwork procedures of the GGS is generally good. On average, response rates in the GGS are comparable to those in other cross-national surveys. After weighting, the data are generally representative in terms of age, gender, region, and household size, but less so for marital status and educational attainment. Implications for future waves of the GGS are discussed.

Author's Affiliation

Tineke Fokkema - Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut (NIDI), the Netherlands [Email]
Andrej Kveder - University of Oxford, United Kingdom [Email]
Nicole Hiekel - Universität zu Köln, Germany [Email]
Tom Emery - Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut (NIDI), the Netherlands [Email]
Aart C. Liefbroer - Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut (NIDI), the Netherlands [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Running out of time? Understanding the consequences of the biological clock for the dynamics of fertility intentions and union formation
Volume 40 - Article 1

» Return intentions over the life course: Evidence on the effects of life events from a longitudinal sample of first- and second-generation Turkish migrants in Germany
Volume 39 - Article 38

» Love. Break up. Repeat: The prevalence and stability of serial cohabitation among West German women and men born in the early 1970s
Volume 39 - Article 30

» Social network indices in the Generations and Gender Survey: An appraisal
Volume 34 - Article 35

» Measuring intergenerational financial support: Analysis of two cross-national surveys
Volume 33 - Article 33

» Risk-avoidance or utmost commitment: Dutch focus group research on views on cohabitation and marriage
Volume 32 - Article 10

» Why do intimate partners live apart? Evidence on LAT relationships across Europe
Volume 32 - Article 8

» Income pooling strategies among cohabiting and married couples: A comparative perspective
Volume 30 - Article 55

» Intergenerational transfers and European families: Does the number of siblings matter?
Volume 29 - Article 10

» European views of divorce among parents of young children: Understanding cross-national variation
Volume 27 - Article 2

» The effects of integration and transnational ties on international return migration intentions
Volume 25 - Article 24

» Timing of first union among second-generation Turks in Europe: The role of parents, peers and institutional context
Volume 22 - Article 16

» Trends in living arrangements in Europe: Convergence or divergence?
Volume 19 - Article 36

» The Netherlands: Childbearing within the context of a "Poldermodel" society
Volume 19 - Article 21

» Generations and Gender Survey (GGS): Towards a better understanding of relationships and processes in the life course
Volume 17 - Article 14

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Collecting data from migrants in Ghana: Lessons learned using respondent-driven sampling
Volume 38 - Article 36    | Keywords: data collection, data quality

» Quality of demographic data in GGS Wave 1
Volume 32 - Article 24    | Keywords: data quality, GGS

» The Malawi Diffusion and Ideational Change Project 2004-06: Data collection, data quality, and analysis of attrition
Volume 20 - Article 21    | Keywords: data quality, representativeness

» Blood is thicker than bloodshed: A genealogical approach to reconstruct populations after armed conflicts
Volume 40 - Article 23    | Keywords: data collection

» Interviewer effects on patterns of nonresponse: Evaluating the impact on the reasons for contraceptive nonuse in the Indonesia and the Philippines DHS
Volume 39 - Article 14    | Keywords: data quality