Volume 35 - Article 15 | Pages 399–454 Author has provided data and code for replicating results

Variance models of the last age interval and their impact on life expectancy at subnational scales

By Ernest Lo, Dan Vatnik, Andrea Benedetti, Robert Bourbeau

Print this page  

 

References

Andreev, K.F. and Bourbeau, R. (2006). Frailty modeling of Canadian and Swedish mortality at adult and advanced ages. Unpublished manuscript .

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bajekal, M. (2005). Healthy life expectancy by area deprivation: Magnitude and trends in England, 1994‒1999. Health Statistics Quarterly 25: 18–27.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bebbington, M., Lai, C.D., and Zitikis, R. (2011). Modelling deceleration in senescent mortality. Mathematical Population Studies 18(1): 18–37.

Weblink doi:10.1080/08898480.2011.540173
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bourbeau, R. and Desjardins, B. (2007). Mortality at extreme ages and data quality: The Canadian experience. In: Robine, J.-M., Crimmins, E.M., Horiuchi, S., and Zeng, Y. (eds.). Human longevity, individual life duration, and growth of the oldest-old population. Berlin: Springer: 167–185.

Weblink doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4848-7_8
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bourbeau, R. and Lebel, A. (2000). Mortality statistics for the oldest-old: An evaluation of Canadian data. Demographic Research 2(2).

Weblink doi:10.4054/demres.2000.2.2
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Brillinger, D.R. (1986). The natural variability of vital rates and associated statistics. Biometrics 42(4): 693–734.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2530689
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Brown, R.L. (1993). Introduction to the mathematics of demography. New Hartford: ACTEX Publications.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Canada, Statistics (2006). Census of population.

Weblink http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p2SV.pl?Funct ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Casella, G. and Berger, R.L. (2002). Statistical inference. Pacific Grove: Duxbury.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Chiang, C.L. (1960). A stochastic study of the life table and its applications: II. Sample variance of the observed expectation of life and other biometric functions. Human Biology 32(3): 221–238.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Chiang, C.L. (1984). The life table and its applications. Malabar: Robert E. Krieger.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

CHMD (2015). Canadian Human Mortality Database [electronic resource].

Weblink http://www.bdlc.umontreal.ca/chmd/
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Coale, A.J. and Kisker, E.E. (1990). Defects in data on old-age mortality in the United States: New procedures for calculating mortality schedules and life tables at the highest ages. Asian and Pacific Population Forum 4(1): 1–32.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cox, C. (2005). Delta method. In: Armitage, P. and Colton, T. (eds.). Encyclopedia of biostatistics. New York: John Wiley: 1540–1542.

Weblink doi:10.1002/0470011815.b2a15029
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

DeGroot, M.H. (1986). Probability and statistics. Reading: Addison-Wesley.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Eayres, D. and Williams, E.S. (2004). Evaluation of methodologies for small area life expectancy estimation. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 58: 243–249.

Weblink doi:10.1136/jech.2003.009654
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Geronimus, A.T., Bound, J., Waidmann, T.A., Colen, C.G., and Steffick, D. (2001). Inequality in life expectancy, functional status, and active life expectancy across selected black and white populations in the United States. Demography 38(2): 227–251.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Geruso, M. (2012). Black-White disparities in life expectancy: How much can the standard SES variables explain? Demography 49(2): 553‒574.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s13524-011-0089-1
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Gravetter, F.J. and Wallnau, L.B. (2002). Essentials of statistics for the behavioral sciences. Pacific Grove: Wadsworth.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Greville, T.N.E. (1943). Short methods of constructing abridged life tables. Record of the American Institute of Actuaries 32(1): 29–42.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Horsman, J., Furlong, W., Feeny, D., and Torrance, G. (2003). The Health Utilities Index (HUI): Concepts, measurement properties and applications. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1(54).

Weblink doi:10.1186/1477-7525-1-54
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Keyfitz, N. (1966). Sampling variance of standardized mortality rates. Human Biology 38(3): 309–317.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Keyfitz, N. and Frauenthal, J. (1975). An improved life table method. Biometrics 31(4): 889–899.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2529814
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kyte, L. and Wells, C. (2010). Variations in life expectancy between rural and urban areas of England, 2001‒07. Health Statistics Quarterly 46: 25–50.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lloyd-Smith, J.O. (2007). Maximum likelihood estimation of the negative binomial dispersion parameter for highly overdispersed data, with applications to infectious diseases. PLoS One 2(2): e180.

Weblink doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000180
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Loukine, L., Waters, C., Choi, B.C., and Ellison, J. (2012). Impact of diabetes mellitus on life expectancy and health-adjusted life expectancy in Canada. Population Health Metrics 10(1): 7.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Manton, K.G. and Stallard, E. (1981). Methods for the analysis of mortality risks across heterogeneous small populations: Examination of space-time gradients in cancer mortality in North Carolina counties 1970‒75. Demography 18(2): 217–230.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Manuel, D.G., Schultz, S.E., and Kopec, J.A. (2002). Measuring the health burden of chronic disease and injury using health adjusted life expectancy and the Health Utilities Index. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 56(11): 843–850.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Martel, L., Provost, M., Lebel, A., Coulombe, S., and Sherk, A. (2012). Methods for constructing life tables for Canada, provinces and territories. Statistics Canada.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Mathers, C. (1991). Health expectancies in Australia 1981 and 1988. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Molla, M.T., Wagener, D.K., and Madans, J.H. (2001). Summary measures of population health: Methods for calculating healthy life expectancy. Healthy People 2010, Statistical Notes 21: 1–11.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

MSSS (2011). Pour guider l’action: Portrait de santé et de ses régions, les statistiques. Québec: Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux en collaboration avec l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec et l’Institut de la statistique du Québec.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Page, A., Begg, S., Taylor, R., and Lopez, A.D. (2007). Global comparative assessments of life expectancy: The impact of migration with reference to Australia. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 85(6): 474–481.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Pampalon, R., Hamel, D., Gamache, P., Philibert, M.D., Raymond, G., and Simpson, A. (2012). An area-based material and social deprivation index for public health in Québec and Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health 103(Suppl 2): S17–S22.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Pelletier, G. (2005). La population du Québec par territoire des centres locaux de services communautaires, par territoire des réseaux locaux de services et par région sociosanitaire de 1981 à 2026. Québec: Santé et Services sociaux Québec.

Weblink http://www.santecom.qc.ca/BibliothequeVirtuel ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Robine, J.M., Romieu, I., and Cambois, E. (1999). Health expectancy indicators. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 77(2): 181–185.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Salomon, J.A., Wang, H., Freeman, M.K., Vos, T., Flaxman, A.D., Lopez, A.D., and Murray, C.J. (2012). Healthy life expectancy for 187 countries, 1990‒2010: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden Disease Study 2010. Lancet 380(9859): 2144–2162.

Weblink doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61690-0
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Scherbov, S. and Ediev, D. (2012). Significance of life table estimates for small populations: Simulation-based study of standard errors. Demographic Research 24(22): 527–550.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2011.24.22
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schoen, R. (1978). Calculating life tables by estimating Chiang’s a from observed rates. Demography 15(4): 625–635.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2061212
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Shyrock, H.S. and Siegel, J.S. (1976). The methods and materials of demography (abridged edition). New York: Academic Press.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Siegel, J.S. (2012). The life table. In: Siegel, J.S. (ed.). The demography and epidemiology of human health and aging. New York: Springer: 135–216.

Weblink doi:10.1007/978-94-007-1315-4_4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Silcocks, P.B.S., Jenner, D.A., and Reza, R. (2001). Life expectancy as a summary of mortality in a population: Statistical considerations and suitability for use by health authorities. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 55: 38–43.

Weblink doi:10.1136/jech.55.1.38
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Stratton, J., Mowat, D.L., Wilkins, R., and Tjepkema, M. (2012). Income disparities in life expectancy in the City of Toronto and Region of Peel, Ontario. Chronic Diseases and Injuries in Canada 32(4): 208–215.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Sullivan, D.F. (1971). A single index of mortality and morbidity. HSMHA Health Report 86(4): 347–354.

Weblink doi:10.2307/4594169
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Thatcher, A.R., Kannisto, V., and Vaupel, J.W. (1998). The force of mortality at ages 80 to 120. In: Jeune, B. and Vaupel, J.W. (eds.). Odense Monographs on Population Aging 5. Odense: Odense University Press.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Ting, L., Yang, C.Y., and Anderson, J.J. (2013). Mortality increase in late-middle and early-old age: Heterogeneity in death processes as a new explanation. Demography 50(5): 1563–1591.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s13524-013-0222-4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Toson, B. and Baker, A. (2003). Life expectancy at birth: Methodological options for small populations [electronic resource].

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Vaupel, J.W., Manton, K.G., and Stallard, E. (1979). The impact of heterogeneity in individual frailty on the dynamics of mortality. Demography 16(3): 439–454.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2061224
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Ver Hoef, J.M. (2012). Who invented the delta method? The American Statistician 66(2): 124–127.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00031305.2012.687494
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Von Gaudecker, H.M. and Scholz, R.D. (2007). Differential mortality by lifetime earnings in Germany. Demographic Research 17(4): 83–108.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2007.17.4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Wilmoth, J.R., Andreev, D., Jdanov, D., and Glei, D.A. (2007). Methods protocol for the human mortality database [electronic resource].

Weblink http://www.mortality.org/Public/Docs/MethodsP ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Wilmoth, J.R. and Lundstrom, H. (1996). Extreme longevity in five countries: Presentation of trends with special attention to issues of data quality. European Journal of Population 12(1): 63–93.

Weblink doi:10.1007/BF01797166
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX