Volume 41 - Article 3 | Pages 53–82 Author has provided data and code for replicating results

Educational and age assortative mating in China: The importance of marriage order

By Yang Hu, Yue Qian

Print this page  

 

References

Becker, G.S. (1981). A treatise on the family. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Blossfeld, H.P. (2009). Educational assortative marriage in comparative perspective. Annual Review of Sociology 35: 513–530.

Weblink doi:10.1146/annurev-soc-070308-115913
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bruze, G. (2011). Marriage choices of movie stars: Does spouse’s education matter? Journal of Human Capital 5(1): 1–28.

Weblink doi:10.1086/660108
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cameron, A.C. and Miller, D.L. (2015). A practitioner’s guide to cluster-robust inference. Journal of Human Resources 50(2): 317–372.

Weblink doi:10.3368/jhr.50.2.317
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cherlin, A.J. (1978). Remarriage as an incomplete institution. American Journal of Sociology 84(3): 634–650.

Weblink doi:10.1086/226830
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cherlin, A.J. (2004). The deinstitutionalization of American marriage. Journal of Marriage and Family 66(4): 848–861.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00058.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

China Statistics Yearbook (2017). Table 22–25: Marriage services statistics [electronic resource]. Beijing: National Bureau of Statistics of China.

Weblink http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2017/indexch.htm
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Choi, K.H. and Tienda, M. (2017). Boundary crossing in first marriage and remarriage. Social Science Research 62: 305–316.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.ssresearch.2016.08.014
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

England, P. and McClintock, E.A. (2009). The gendered double standard of aging in US marriage markets. Population and Development Review 35(4): 797–816.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2009.00309.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Esteve, A., Schwartz, C.R., Van Bavel, J., Permanyer, I., Klesment, M., and Garcia, J. (2016). The end of hypergamy: Global trends and implications. Population and Development Review 42(4): 615–625.

Weblink doi:10.1111/padr.12012
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Gelissen, J. (2004). Assortative mating after divorce: A test of two competing hypotheses using marginal models. Social Science Research 33(3): 361–384.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.ssresearch.2003.06.003
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Han, H. (2010). Trends in educational assortative marriage in China from 1970 to 2000. Demographic Research 22(24): 733–770.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2010.22.24
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Higgins, L.T., Zheng, M., Liu, Y., and Sun, C.H. (2002). Attitudes to marriage and sexual behaviors: A survey of gender and culture differences in China and United Kingdom. Sex Roles 46(3–4): 75–89.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1016565426011
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Holmgren, J. (1985). The economic foundations of virtue: Widow-remarriage in early and modern China. Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs 13: 1–27.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2158711
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hou, F. and Myles, J. (2013). Interracial marriage and status-caste exchange in Canada and the United States. Ethnic and Racial Studies 36(1): 75–96.

Weblink doi:10.1080/01419870.2011.634505
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hu, A. and Qian, Z. (2015). Educational homogamy and earnings inequality of married couples: Urban China, 1988–2007. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 40: 1–15.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.rssm.2015.01.004
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hu, Y. (2016). Impact of rural-to-urban migration on family and gender values in China. Asian Population Studies 12(3): 251–272.

Weblink doi:10.1080/17441730.2016.1169753
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hu, Y. (2016). Marriage of matching doors: Marital sorting on parental background in China. Demographic Research 35(20): 557–580.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2016.35.20
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hu, Y. and To, S. (2018). Family relations and remarriage post-divorce and post-widowhood in China. Journal of Family Issues 39(8): 2286–2310.

Weblink doi:10.1177/0192513X17748694
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Huang, Y. (2012). Remarriage, gender, and life course in contemporary inland rural China. Journal of Comparative Family Studies 43(2): 313–330.

Weblink doi:10.3138/jcfs.43.2.313
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Jepsen, L.K. and Jepsen, C.A. (2002). An empirical analysis of the matching patterns of same-sex and opposite-sex couples. Demography 39(3): 435–453.

Weblink doi:10.2307/3088325
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Ji, Y. (2015). Between tradition and modernity: ‘Leftover’ women in Shanghai. Journal of Marriage and Family 77(5): 1057–1073.

Weblink doi:10.1111/jomf.12220
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Ji, Y., Wu, X., Sun, S., and He, G. (2017). Unequal care, unequal work: Toward a more comprehensive understanding of gender inequality in post-reform urban China. Sex Roles 77(11–12): 765–778.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s11199-017-0751-1
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kalmijn, M. (1998). Intermarriage and homogamy: Causes, patterns, trends. Annual Review of Sociology 24: 395–421.

Weblink doi:10.1146/annurev.soc.24.1.395
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kalmijn, M. (2010). Educational inequality, homogamy, and status exchange in black-white intermarriage: A comment on Rosenfeld. American Journal of Sociology 115(4): 1252–1263.

Weblink doi:10.1086/649050
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lamidi, E., Brown, S.L., and Manning, W.D. (2015). Assortative mating: Age heterogamy in US marriages, 1964–2014. Bowling Green: National Center for Family and Marriage Research (FP-15-14).

Weblink https://scholarworks.bgsu.edu/ncfmr_family_profiles/79
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lui, L. (2016). Gender, rural-urban inequality, and intermarriage in China. Social Forces 95(2): 639–662.

Weblink doi:10.1093/sf/sow076
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Ma, L., Turunen, J., and Rizzi, E. (2018). Divorce Chinese style. Journal of Marriage and Family 80(5): 1287–1297.

Weblink doi:10.1111/jomf.12484
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Mare, R.D. (1991). Five decades of educational assortative mating. American Sociological Review 56(1): 15–32.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2095670
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Mu, Z. and Xie, Y. (2014). Marital age homogamy in China: A reversal of trend in the reform era? Social Science Research 44: 141–157.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.ssresearch.2013.11.005
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

National Center for Health Statistics (2017). Provisional number of divorces and annulments and rate: United States, 2000–2016 [electronic resource]. Hyattsville: National Center for Health Statistics.

Weblink https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/dvs/national_ma ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Oppenheimer, V.K. (1988). A theory of marriage timing. American Journal of Sociology 94(3): 563–591.

Weblink doi:10.1086/229030
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Qian, Y. (2017). Gender asymmetry in educational and income assortative marriage. Journal of Marriage and Family 79(2): 318–336.

Weblink doi:10.1111/jomf.12372
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Qian, Y. and Qian, Z. (2014). The gender divide in urban China: Singlehood and assortative mating by age and education. Demographic Research 31(45): 1337–1364.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2014.31.45
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Qian, Y. and Qian, Z. (2017). Assortative mating by education and hukou in Shanghai. Chinese Sociological Review 49(3): 239–262.

Weblink doi:10.1080/21620555.2017.1288066
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Qian, Z. (1997). Breaking the racial barriers: Variations in interracial marriage between 1980 and 1990. Demography 34(2): 263–276.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2061704
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Qian, Z. and Lichter, D.T. (2018). Marriage markets and intermarriage: Exchange in first marriages and remarriages. Demography 55(3): 849–875.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s13524-018-0671-x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Qian, Z. and Preston, S.H. (1993). Changes in American marriage, 1972 to 1987: Availability and forces of attraction by age and education. American Sociological Review 58(4): 482–495.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2096072
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Raftery, A.E. (1986). Choosing models for cross-classifications. American Sociological Review 51(1): 145–146.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2095483
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Raymo, J.M. and Iwasawa, M. (2008). Bridal pregnancy and spouse pairing patterns in Japan. Journal of Marriage and Family 70(4): 847–860.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2008.00531.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Raymo, J.M., Park, H., Xie, Y., and Yeung, W.J.J. (2015). Marriage and family in East Asia: Continuity and change. Annual Review of Sociology 41: 471–492.

Weblink doi:10.1146/annurev-soc-073014-112428
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Riley, N.E. (1994). Interwoven lives: Parents, marriage, and guanxi in China. Journal of Marriage and the Family 56(4): 791–803.

Weblink doi:10.2307/353592
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Rosenfeld, M.J. (2005). A critique of exchange theory in mate selection. American Journal of Sociology 110(5): 1284–1325.

Weblink doi:10.1086/428441
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Rosenfeld, M.J. and Thomas, R.J. (2012). Searching for a mate: The rise of the Internet as a social intermediary. American Sociological Review 77(4): 523–547.

Weblink doi:10.1177/0003122412448050
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schwartz, C.R. (2013). Trends and variation in assortative mating: Causes and consequences. Annual Review of Sociology 39: 451–470.

Weblink doi:10.1146/annurev-soc-071312-145544
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schwartz, C.R. and Graf, N.L. (2009). Assortative matching among same-sex and different-sex couples in the United States, 1990–2000. Demographic Research 21(28): 843–878.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2009.21.28
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schwartz, C.R. and Han, H. (2014). The reversal of the gender gap in education and trends in marital dissolution. American Sociological Review 79(4): 605–629.

Weblink doi:10.1177/0003122414539682
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schwartz, C.R. and Mare, R.D. (2005). Trends in educational assortative marriage from 1940 to 2003. Demography 42(4): 621–646.

Weblink doi:10.1353/dem.2005.0036
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Shafer, K. (2013a). Disentangling the relationship between age and marital history in age-assortative mating. Marriage and Family Review 49(1): 83–114.

Weblink doi:10.1080/01494929.2012.728557
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Shafer, K. (2013b). Unique matching patterns in remarriage: Educational assortative mating among divorced men and women. Journal of Family Issues 34(11): 1500–1535.

Weblink doi:10.1177/0192513X12459020
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Shehan, C.L., Berardo, F.M., Vera, H., and Carley, S.M. (1991). Women in age-discrepant marriages. Journal of Family Issues 12(3): 291–305.

Weblink doi:10.1177/019251391012003003
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Smits, J. (2003). Social closure among the higher educated: Trends in educational homogamy in 55 countries. Social Science Research 32(2): 251–277.

Weblink doi:10.1016/S0049-089X(02)00049-2
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Sweeney, M.M. (2010). Remarriage and stepfamilies: Strategic sites for family scholarship in the 21st century. Journal of Marriage and Family 72(3): 667–684.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00724.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Treiman, D.J. (2013). Trends in educational attainment in China. Chinese Sociological Review 45(3): 3–25.

Weblink doi:10.2753/CSA2162-0555450301
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

van Poppel, F., Liefbroer, A.C., Vermunt, J.K., and Smeenk, W. (2001). Love, necessity and opportunity: Changing patterns of marital age homogamy in the Netherlands, 1850–1993. Population Studies 55(1): 1–13.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00324720127681
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Verbakel, E. and Kalmijn, M. (2014). Assortative mating among Dutch married and cohabiting same‐sex and different‐sex couples. Journal of Marriage and Family 76(1): 1–12.

Weblink doi:10.1111/jomf.12084
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Wang, Q. and Zhou, Q. (2010). China’s divorce and remarriage rates: Trends and regional disparities. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage 51(4): 257–267.

Weblink doi:10.1080/10502551003597949
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

World Bank (2018). Labor force participate rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) [electronic resource]. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

Weblink https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.TLF.C ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Xie, Y. and Hu, J. (2014). An introduction to the China family panel studies (CFPS). Chinese Sociological Review 47(1): 3–29.

Weblink doi:10.2753/CSA2162-0555470101.2014.11082908
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Yeung, W.J.J. (2013). Higher education expansion and social stratification in China. Chinese Sociological Review 45(4): 54–80.

Weblink doi:10.2753/CSA2162-0555450403
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Yu, J. and Xie, Y. (2015). Cohabitation in China: Trends and determinants. Population and Development Review 41(4): 607–628.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2015.00087.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Zhang, Y. and Hannum, E. (2015). Diverging fortunes: The evolution of gender wage gaps for singles, couples, and parents in China, 1989–2009. Chinese Journal of Sociology 1(1): 15–55.

Weblink doi:10.1177/2057150X14568769
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX