Volume 45 - Article 2 | Pages 17–54

Unpacking intentions to leave the parental home in Europe using the Generations and Gender Survey

By Katrin Schwanitz, Francesco Rampazzo, Agnese Vitali

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter

 

 
Date received:31 Jul 2020
Date published:06 Jul 2021
Word count:7303
Keywords:intention formation, intentions, leaving home, theory of planned behavior
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2021.45.2
Updated Items:The originally published version contained a wrong graphic for Figur 4. This mistake was corrected on July 7, 2021.
 

Abstract

Background: Comparative research has shown considerable cross-national differences in the age at leaving the parental home across Europe. Intentions to leave home might help to shed light on such marked heterogeneity in patterns of home-leaving.

Objective: We address to what extent personal preferences (measured by attitudes), normative pressure (measured by subjective norms), and structural barriers (measured by perceived behavioural control) are linked to leaving-home intentions. We also address whether such associations vary by country, gender, and age.

Methods: We use data for 12 European countries from the first wave of the Generations and Gender Survey. The sample is composed of young adults (aged 18 to 34) who had never left the parental home for at least three months after age 16 (N = 10,457). We employ multi-group factor analysis and binary logistic regression models to (1) compare the distribution of estimated means, variances, and correlations of attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control towards leaving home and to (2) analyse the interactions between these three latent factors and country, sex, and age.

Results: The analyses show a North–West/South–East divide in leaving-home intentions among young adults and a large variation in the estimated means of attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control across the 12 countries. Our analyses also overall confirm the relevance of these three factors as drivers for young adults’ leaving-home intentions – even when controlled for sociodemographic variables and interactions with country, sex, and age.

Contribution: The paper contributes to the literature by providing a cross-national comparison of leaving-home intentions.

Author's Affiliation

Katrin Schwanitz - Tallinna Ülikool, Estonia [Email]
Francesco Rampazzo - University of Oxford, United Kingdom [Email]
Agnese Vitali - Università degli Studi di Trento, Italy [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Retraditionalisation? Work patterns of families with children during the pandemic in Italy
Volume 45 - Article 31

» Gendered intergenerational time transfers in Estonia
Volume 44 - Article 34

» Differences in leaving home by individual and parental education among young adults in Europe
Volume 37 - Article 63

» Using Twitter data for demographic research
Volume 37 - Article 46

» Who brings home the bacon? The influence of context on partners' contributions to the household income
Volume 35 - Article 41

» Youth prospects in a time of economic recession
Volume 29 - Article 36

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» When partners’ disagreement prevents childbearing: A couple-level analysis in Australia
Volume 44 - Article 33    | Keywords: intentions

» Leaving home in 19th century England and Wales: A spatial analysis
Volume 39 - Article 4    | Keywords: leaving home

» Differences in leaving home by individual and parental education among young adults in Europe
Volume 37 - Article 63    | Keywords: leaving home

» How kinship systems and welfare regimes shape leaving home: A comparative study of the United States, Germany, Taiwan, and China
Volume 36 - Article 38    | Keywords: leaving home

» Age norms, family relationships, and home leaving in Italy
Volume 36 - Article 9    | Keywords: leaving home