Volume 47 - Article 19 | Pages 545–576 Author has provided data and code for replicating results

Influenza mortality in French regions after the Hong Kong flu pandemic

By Florian Bonnet, Josselin Thuilliez, Hippolyte d'Albis

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter

 

 
Date received:23 Nov 2021
Date published:12 Oct 2022
Word count:2477
Keywords:French departments, pandemic, vaccinations
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2022.47.19
Additional files:readme.47-19 (text file, 1 kB)
 demographic-research.47-19 (zip file, 2 MB)
 

Abstract

Background: Influenza mortality has dramatically decreased in France since the 1950s. Annual death rates peaked during two pandemics: the Asian flu (1956–1957) and the Hong Kong flu (1969–1970).

Objective: This study’s objective is to evaluate whether the second pandemic created a structural change in the dynamics of influenza mortality in France.

Methods: We employ a new database on influenza mortality since 1950 at the subnational level (90 geographic areas) to estimate statistical models to find out whether a structural change happened and to explain the differences in mortality rates across geographic areas. Influenza mortality increased between 1950 and 1969 and decreased from 1970 onward.

Conclusions: The Hong Kong flu is identified as the event of a structural break. After the break, geographical differences are less explained by regional characteristics such as income, density, or aging ratio. The Hong Kong flu was found to be associated with a major change in influenza mortality in France. Change in health practices and policies induced a decline in mortality that started in 1970, just after the pandemic. The health benefits are notably important for senior citizens and for the poorest regions.

Contribution: We employ a new database on influenza mortality since 1950 at the subnational level (90 geographic areas). Change in health practices and policies induced a decline in mortality that started in 1970, just after the pandemics. The health benefits are notably important for senior citizens and for the poorest regions.

Author's Affiliation

Florian Bonnet - Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), France [Email]
Josselin Thuilliez - Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), France [Email]
Hippolyte d'Albis - Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), France [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Beyond the exodus of May–June 1940: Internal migration in France during the Second World War
Volume 45 - Article 18

» Computations of French lifetables by department, 1901–2014
Volume 42 - Article 26

» Education, labour, and the demographic consequences of birth postponement in Europe
Volume 36 - Article 23

» Age groups and the measure of population aging
Volume 29 - Article 23

Similar articles in Demographic Research

» Retraditionalisation? Work patterns of families with children during the pandemic in Italy
Volume 45 - Article 31    | Keywords: pandemic

» Epilocal: A real-time tool for local epidemic monitoring
Volume 44 - Article 12    | Keywords: pandemic

» Computations of French lifetables by department, 1901–2014
Volume 42 - Article 26    | Keywords: French departments

» Relationship between vaccination and nutritional status in children: Analysis of recent Demographic and Health Surveys
Volume 42 - Article 1    | Keywords: vaccinations

» Summertime, and the livin’ is easy: Winter and summer pseudoseasonal life expectancy in the United States
Volume 37 - Article 45    | Keywords: vaccinations