Volume 47 - Article 9 | Pages 233–246 Author has provided data and code for replicating results

Life expectancy loss among Native Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic

By Noreen Goldman, Theresa Andrasfay

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter

 

 
Date received:18 Mar 2022
Date published:27 Jul 2022
Word count:2489
Keywords:COVID-19, disparities, life expectancy, mortality, Native Americans
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2022.47.9
Additional files:readme.47-9 (text file, 4 kB)
 demographic-research.47-9 (zip file, 9 kB)
 

Abstract

Background: There has been little systematic research on the mortality impact of COVID-19 in the Native American population.

Objective: We provide estimates of loss of life expectancy in 2020 and 2021 relative to 2019 for the Native American population.

Methods: We use data on age-specific all-cause mortality rates from CDC WONDER and the 2019 life table recently released by the National Vital Statistics System for Native Americans to calculate life tables for the Native American population in 2020 and 2021 and to obtain estimates of life expectancy reductions during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Results: The pandemic has set Native Americans further behind other major racial/ethnic groups in terms of life expectancy. The estimated loss in life expectancy at birth for Native Americans is 4.5 years in 2020 and 6.4 years in 2021 relative to 2019.

Conclusions: These results underscore the disproportionate share of deaths experienced by Native Americans: a loss in life expectancy at birth in 2020 that is more than three years above that for Whites and about 1.5 years above the losses for the Black and Latino populations. Despite a successful vaccination campaign among Native Americans, the estimated loss in life expectancy at birth in 2021 unexpectedly exceeds that in 2020.

Contribution: The increased loss in life expectancy in 2021, despite higher vaccination rates than in other racial/ethnic groups, highlights the huge challenges faced by Native Americans in their efforts to control the deleterious consequences of the pandemic.

Author's Affiliation

Noreen Goldman - Princeton University, United States of America [Email]
Theresa Andrasfay - University of Southern California, United States of America [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» COVID-19 risk factors and mortality among Native Americans
Volume 45 - Article 39

» Calloused hands, shorter life? Occupation and older-age survival in Mexico
Volume 42 - Article 32

» Self-Reported Versus Performance-Based Measures of Physical Function: Prognostic Value for Survival
Volume 30 - Article 7

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» The contribution of smoking-attributable mortality to differences in mortality and life expectancy among US African-American and white adults, 2000–2019
Volume 46 - Article 31    | Keywords: disparities, life expectancy, mortality

» COVID-19 risk factors and mortality among Native Americans
Volume 45 - Article 39    | Keywords: COVID-19, mortality, Native Americans

» A world apart: Levels and determinants of excess mortality due to COVID-19 in care homes: The case of the Belgian region of Wallonia during the spring 2020 wave
Volume 45 - Article 33    | Keywords: COVID-19, mortality

» Mexican mortality 1990‒2016: Comparison of unadjusted and adjusted estimates
Volume 44 - Article 30    | Keywords: life expectancy, mortality

» Using race- and age-specific COVID-19 case data to investigate the determinants of the excess COVID-19 mortality burden among Hispanic Americans
Volume 44 - Article 29    | Keywords: COVID-19, mortality