Volume 7 - Article 11 | Pages 407–432

Association of Divorce with Socio-Demographic Covariates in China, 1955-1985: Event History Analysis Based on Data Collected in Shanghai, Hebei, and Shaanxi

By Yi Zeng, T. Paul Schultz, Deming D. Wang, Danan Gu

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter

 

 
Date received:25 May 2001
Date published:29 Aug 2002
Word count:7047
Keywords:arranged marriage, China, divorce, divorce risk, early marriage, sociodemographic factors of divorce
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2002.7.11
 

Abstract

Based on a unique data set on the event history of marriage and divorce collected in the In-Depth Fertility Surveys conducted in Shanghai, Shaanxi, and Hebei in 1985 and a multivariate hazards model, this paper investigates the association between divorce risk and socio-demographic factors in China. Controlling for several other socio-demographic factors, we demonstrate that the risk of divorce for women who married before age 18 is twice as high as that of those married after age 20; the risk of divorce of arranged marriages is about 2.6 times as high as that of not-arranged ones.
The number of children is highly and negatively correlated with risk of divorce; the traditional son preference does not seem having substantial effects on divorce among women who have one or two children; but the risk of divorce of women who have three or more daughters without a son was 2.2 times as high as that of those women who have three or more children with at least one son. The divorce level in urban areas is higher than that in rural areas.
The greater proportion of arranged and early marriages plus some other special factors in a less developed region (Shaanxi) contributes to its higher general divorce rate before 1985, in comparison with the advanced region (Shanghai). The divorce level in Shanghai after 1985 has become higher than that in Shaanxi. It seems that education level is positively related to divorce and labor force participation is negatively related to divorce, but the estimates are not statistically significant. Some explanations of these findings are also discussed in this paper.

Author's Affiliation

Yi Zeng - Duke University, United States of America [Email]
T. Paul Schultz - Yale University, United States of America [Email]
Deming D. Wang - Alma College, United States of America [Email]
Danan Gu - United Nations, United States of America [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Preface to the Special Collection on Interdisciplinary Research on Healthy Aging
Volume 38 - Article 9

» Coresidence with elderly parents and female labor supply in China
Volume 35 - Article 23

» Neighborhood-health links: Differences between rural-to-urban migrants and natives in Shanghai
Volume 33 - Article 17

» Old age mortality in Eastern and South-Eastern Asia
Volume 29 - Article 38

» The association between resilience and survival among Chinese elderly
Volume 23 - Article 5

» Estimating time-varying sex-age-specific o/e rates of marital status transitions in family household projection or simulation
Volume 11 - Article 10

» Sociodemographic Effects on the Onset and Recovery of ADL Disability among Chinese Oldest-old
Volume 11 - Article 1

» Oldest Old Mortality in China
Volume 8 - Article 7

» Family Dynamics of 63 Million (in 1990) to More Than 330 Million (in 2050) Elders in China
Volume 2 - Article 5

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Childlessness, sex composition of children, and divorce risks in China
Volume 41 - Article 26    | Keywords: China, divorce risk

» Separation, divorce, and housing tenure: A cross-country comparison
Volume 41 - Article 39    | Keywords: divorce

» Investigating China's inter-prefecture migration from a place attractivity perspective, its spatial patterns, and demographic characteristics
Volume 41 - Article 34    | Keywords: China

» A spatial dynamic panel approach to modelling the space-time dynamics of interprovincial migration flows in China
Volume 41 - Article 31    | Keywords: China

» Homeownership after separation: A longitudinal analysis of Finnish register data
Volume 41 - Article 29    | Keywords: divorce