Volume 14 - Article 4 | Pages 51–70  

Social differentials in speed-premium effects in childbearing in Sweden

By Gunnar Andersson, Jan M. Hoem, Ann-Zofie Duvander

Abstract

In Sweden, parents receive a parental-leave allowance of a high percentage (currently 80%) of their pre-birth salary for about a year in connection with any birth. If they space their births sufficiently closely, they avoid a reduction in the allowance caused by any reduced income earned between the births. The gain is popularly called a “speed premium”. In previous work we have shown that childbearing was sped up correspondingly. This is clear evidence of a causal effect of a policy change on childbearing behavior. In the present paper, we study how this change in behavior was adopted in various social strata of the Swedish population.

Author's Affiliation

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

Educational attainment and ultimate fertility among Swedish women born in 1955-59
Volume 14 - Article 16

Education and childlessness: The relationship between educational field, educational level, and childlessness among Swedish women born in 1955-59
Volume 14 - Article 15

Lives saved, lives lost, and under-reported COVID-19 deaths: Excess and non-excess mortality in relation to cause-specific mortality during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden
Volume 50 - Article 1

Disentangling the Swedish fertility decline of the 2010s
Volume 47 - Article 12

Parental leave policies and continued childbearing in Iceland, Norway, and Sweden
Volume 40 - Article 51

Life-table representations of family dynamics in the 21st century
Volume 37 - Article 35

Depressed fertility among descendants of immigrants in Sweden
Volume 36 - Article 39

Marriage and divorce of immigrants and descendants of immigrants in Sweden
Volume 33 - Article 2

Immigrant fertility in Sweden, 2000-2011: A descriptive note
Volume 30 - Article 30

Recent fertility patterns of Finnish women by union status: A descriptive account
Volume 28 - Article 14

Economic Uncertainty and Family Dynamics in Europe: Introduction
Volume 27 - Article 28

Labor-market status, migrant status and first childbearing in Sweden
Volume 27 - Article 25

Levels of recent union formation : Six European countries compared
Volume 22 - Article 9

The negative educational gradients in Romanian fertility
Volume 22 - Article 4

High Suburban Fertility: Evidence from Four Northern European Countries
Volume 21 - Article 31

Cohort fertility patterns in the Nordic countries
Volume 20 - Article 14

Overview Chapter 8: The impact of public policies on European fertility
Volume 19 - Article 10

Summary and general conclusions: Childbearing Trends and Policies in Europe
Volume 19 - Article 2

Preface: Childbearing Trends and Policies in Europe
Volume 19 - Article 1

Marriage formation as a process intermediary between migration and childbearing
Volume 18 - Article 21

The reporting of statistical significance in scientific journals: A reflexion
Volume 18 - Article 15

Childbearing dynamics of couples in a universalistic welfare state: The role of labor-market status, country of origin, and gender
Volume 17 - Article 30

Migration and first-time parenthood: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan
Volume 17 - Article 25

Generations and Gender Survey (GGS): Towards a better understanding of relationships and processes in the life course
Volume 17 - Article 14

Understanding parental gender preferences in advanced societies: Lessons from Sweden and Finland
Volume 17 - Article 6

Anticipatory analysis and its alternatives in life-course research: Part 2: Marriage and first birth
Volume 15 - Article 17

Anticipatory analysis and its alternatives in life-course research: Part 1: Education and first childbearing
Volume 15 - Article 16

Why does Sweden have such high fertility?
Volume 13 - Article 22

Childbearing patterns for Swedish mothers of twins, 1961-1999
Volume 11 - Article 15

Demographic trends in Sweden: An update of childbearing and nuptiality up to 2002
Volume 11 - Article 4

A summary of Special Collection 3: Contemporary Research on European Fertility: Perspectives and Developments
Volume 10 - Article 13

Children's experience of family disruption and family formation: Evidence from 16 FFS countries
Volume 7 - Article 7

Life-table representations of family dynamics in Sweden, Hungary, and 14 other FFS countries: A project of descriptions of demographic behavior
Volume 7 - Article 4

Fertility developments in Norway and Sweden since the early 1960s
Volume 6 - Article 4

Demographic trends in Sweden: Childbearing developments in 1961-2000, marriage and divorce developments in 1971-1999
Volume 5 - Article 3

Childbearing Developments in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden from the 1970s to the 1990s: A Comparison
Special Collection 3 - Article 7

Contemporary Research on European Fertility: Introduction
Special Collection 3 - Article 1

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

Fertility decline, changes in age structure, and the potential for demographic dividends: A global analysis
Volume 50 - Article 9    | Keywords: age structure, demographic dividend, demographic transition, fertility, migration, population momentum, working-age population

Analyzing hyperstable population models
Volume 49 - Article 37    | Keywords: birth trajectory, cohort analysis, cyclical populations, dynamic population model, fertility, hyperstable, period

Ultra-Orthodox fertility and marriage in the United States: Evidence from the American Community Survey
Volume 49 - Article 29    | Keywords: age at first marriage, American Community Survey (ACS), fertility, Judaism, marriage, religion, total fertility rate (TFR), Ultra-Orthodox Judaism

Advanced or postponed motherhood? Migrants’ and natives’ gap between ideal and actual age at first birth in Spain
Volume 49 - Article 22    | Keywords: actual age at first birth, age at arrival, fertility, ideal age at first birth, international migration, motherhood, Spain

Describing the Dutch Social Networks and Fertility Study and how to process it
Volume 49 - Article 19    | Keywords: fertility, Netherlands, personal networks, social influence