Volume 30 - Article 4 | Pages 111–150  

Health consequences of child labour in Bangladesh

By Salma Ahmad, Ranjan Ray


Background: The paper examines the effect of child labour on child health outcomes in Bangladesh, advancing the methodologies and the results of papers published in different journals.

Objective: We examine the effect of child labour on child health outcomes.

Methods: We used Bangladesh National Child Labour Survey data for 2002-2003 for our analysis.

Results: The main finding of the paper suggests that child labour is positively and significantly associated with the probability of being injured or becoming ill. Intensity of injury or illness is significantly higher in construction and manufacturing sectors than in other sectors. Health disadvantages for different age groups are not essentially parallel.

Conclusions: The results obtained in this paper strengthen the need for stronger enforcement of laws that regulate child labour, especially given its adverse consequences on health. Although the paper focuses on Bangladesh, much of the evidence presented has implications that are relevant to policymakers in other developing countries.

Author's Affiliation

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

Ageing and diversity: Inequalities in longevity and health in low-mortality countries
Volume 50 - Article 12    | Keywords: aging, health, lifespan inequality, longevity, old-age threshold, regional differences, socioeconomic status

A test of the predictive validity of relative versus absolute income for self-reported health and well-being in the United States
Volume 48 - Article 26    | Keywords: absolute income, health, inequality, measurement, relative income, well-being

Gender and educational inequalities in disability-free life expectancy among older adults living in Italian regions
Volume 47 - Article 29    | Keywords: disability, gender, health, inequalities, Italy, mortality, older adults, regions

The lasting impact of parental migration on children's education and health outcomes: The case of China
Volume 43 - Article 9    | Keywords: China, education, health, left-behind children, long-term migration

Factors incorporated into future survival estimation among Europeans
Volume 42 - Article 2    | Keywords: health, Human Mortality Database (HMD), risk behaviors, sociodemographic composition, subjective survival probabilities, Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)