Volume 48 - Article 16 | Pages 421–438  

How much time is left? International trends in parenthood expectancy

By Erich Striessnig, Alessandra Trimarchi

Abstract

Background: Many industrialized societies have experienced increases in life expectancy and in the mean age at first birth (MAFB). This has likely impacted the lifetime that parents share with their children; i.e., parenthood expectancy (PEX).

Objective: With increasing life expectancy contributing positively to PEX and increasing MAFB leading to a reduction in the time spent as an ever-parent, our goal is to study how PEX for both men and women has been affected in different countries over time.

Methods: Using harmonized fertility and mortality data for women and men in 37 countries, we provide PEX estimates from a period perspective. By means of counterfactual analyses, we study the extent to which each of the two components was responsible for the observed national trends in PEX.

Results: PEX varies between 50–58 years for women and tends to be up to 10 years shorter for men. While for mothers the effects of increasing MAFB and life expectancy almost cancel each other out, PEX for men would have been more heavily affected by stagnation in survival conditions.

Conclusions: For most countries and both sexes, PEX has been increasing over the observational period. However, trends in PEX over time are strongly country-specific and depend on the onset of fertility postponement relative to gains in life expectancy.

Contribution: We present a novel indicator that allows researchers to assess the potential impact of demographic changes on intergenerational support capacities, as well as the acceptable remaining lifespan at the onset of parenthood.

Author's Affiliation

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

Gender differences and similarities in the educational gradient in fertility: The role of earnings potential and gender composition in study disciplines
Volume 39 - Article 13

How does education change the relationship between fertility and age-dependency under environmental constraints? A long-term simulation exercise
Volume 30 - Article 16

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

Comparative evidence of years lived with reproductive-age morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa (2010‒2019)
Volume 49 - Article 6    | Keywords: life expectancy, maternal morbidities, reproductive age, sub-Saharan Africa

Differential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on excess mortality and life expectancy loss within the Hispanic population
Volume 48 - Article 12    | Keywords: COVID-19, disparities, Hispanic, life expectancy, pandemic

Interpreting changes in life expectancy during temporary mortality shocks
Volume 48 - Article 1    | Keywords: death cohort, life expectancy, mortality shocks, premature mortality

Life expectancy loss among Native Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic
Volume 47 - Article 9    | Keywords: COVID-19, disparities, life expectancy, mortality, Native Americans

Leveraging deep neural networks to estimate age-specific mortality from life expectancy at birth
Volume 47 - Article 8    | Keywords: death rates, deep neural network, forecasting, life expectancy