Volume 13 - Article 19 | Pages 485–520

Cause-specific contributions to sex differences in adult mortality among whites and African Americans between 1960 and 1995

By Irma T. Elo, Greg L. Drevenstedt

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Date received:06 Dec 2004
Date published:17 Nov 2005
Word count:9363
Keywords:cause of death, mortality, United States


The purpose of this paper is to describe trends in sex differences in mortality in young adulthood and in middle age among African Americans and whites in the United States between 1960 and 1995. We examine trends in all-cause mortality and estimate the contribution of leading causes of death to the change in the sex difference in mortality over time.
Between 1960 and 1995 the sex difference in mortality increased for African Americans and whites at ages 15-39 and declined for whites but increased for African Americans at ages 40-64. Our results reveal considerable variation in the sex difference in mortality by cause of death as well as in the contribution various causes of death make to the change in the sex mortality difference over time.

Author's Affiliation

Irma T. Elo - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America [Email]
Greg L. Drevenstedt - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America [Email]

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