Volume 37 - Article 52 | Pages 1695–1706 Author has provided data and code for replicating results

The magnitude and timing of grandparental coresidence during childhood in the United States

By Mariana Amorim, Rachel Dunifon, Natasha Pilkauskas

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter

 

 
Date received:06 Jul 2017
Date published:05 Dec 2017
Word count:2507
Keywords:family structure, grandfamilies, grandparents, life table, multigenerational households, three-generation families, United States
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2017.37.52
Additional files:readme.37-52 (text file, 1 kB)
 demographic-research.37-52 (zip file, 113 MB)
 

Abstract

Background: The likelihood that a US child will live with a grandparent has increased over time. In 2015, nearly 12% of children lived with a grandparent. However, the likelihood that a child will ever live with a grandparent is not known.

Objective: We calculate the cumulative and age-specific probabilities of coresidence with grandparents during childhood. We stratify our analyses by types of grandparent-grandchild living arrangements (grandfamilies and three-generation households) and by race and ethnicity.

Methods: We use two data sets – the pooled 2010–2015 American Community Surveys (ACS) and the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY–97) – and produce estimates using life tables techniques.

Results: Results indicate that nearly 30% of US children ever coreside with grandparents. Both three-generation and grandfamily living arrangements are more prevalent among racial and ethnic minority groups, with three-generation coresidence particularly common among Asian children. Black children are nearly two times as likely to ever live in a grandfamily as compared to Hispanic and white children, respectively. Children are much more likely to experience grandparental coresidence during their first year of life than in any other year.

Conclusions: This paper suggests that the magnitude of grandparental coresidence is greater than previously known, particularly in early childhood.

Contribution: This is the first study to calculate age-specific and cumulative probabilities of coresidence with grandparents during the whole childhood. Doing so allows us to better craft public policies and guide new research on family complexity.

Author's Affiliation

Mariana Amorim - Cornell University, United States of America [Email]
Rachel Dunifon - Cornell University, United States of America [Email]
Natasha Pilkauskas - University of Michigan, United States of America [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Siblings and children's time use in the United States
Volume 37 - Article 49

» Maternal labor force participation and differences by education in an urban birth cohort study - 1998-2010
Volume 34 - Article 14

» Three-generation family households in early childhood: Comparisons between the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia
Volume 30 - Article 60

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Three-generation family households in early childhood: Comparisons between the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia
Volume 30 - Article 60    | Keywords: grandparents, multigenerational households

» Life expectancy is the death-weighted average of the reciprocal of the survival-specific force of mortality
Volume 22 - Article 5    | Keywords: life table, United States

» The role of education in the association between race/ethnicity/nativity, cognitive impairment, and dementia among older adults in the United States
Volume 38 - Article 6    | Keywords: United States

» Integrating occupations: Changing occupational sex segregation in the U.S. from 2000 to 2014
Volume 38 - Article 5    | Keywords: United States

» Dating across and hooking 'up': Status and relationship formation at an elite liberal arts university
Volume 37 - Article 60    | Keywords: United States