Volume 40 - Article 21 | Pages 561–598
Is there an association between marital exogamy of immigrants and nonmigrants and their mental health? A two-partners approach
|Date received:||19 May 2017|
|Date published:||14 Mar 2019|
|Keywords:||exogamy, migrants, mixed marriage, social capital, Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), well-being|
Objective: We study mental health in immigrants and nonmigrants, distinguishing between people in exogamous and endogamous marriages. Our theoretical considerations are based on concepts of the economics of marriage, resources, and conflict. We test two competing hypotheses: Intermarriage may be associated with a gain effect or it may be related to a negative strain effect.
Methods: We use SHARE data from waves 1, 2, and 4–6 (2004–2015). Our sample consists of 20,383 individuals living in nine European countries (15% migrants, 85% nonmigrants). The dependent variable is depression measured in the EURO-D scale; we applied mixed-effects linear regression models for repeated observations.
Results: Overall, we found that migrants in exogamous marriages were more likely to report lower levels of depression than their counterparts in endogamous marriages, whereas nonmigrants in an exogamous marriage reported higher levels of depression. Several types of independent variables explained the total effect of the marriage type on mental health for migrants and nonmigrant men; for nonmigrant women the negative effect remained small but significant.
Conclusions: Our results support partially the hypothesis of a gain effect of a mixed marriage for mental health among immigrants, while at the same time suggesting that being in an exogamous marriage has a negative strain effect on mental health for nonmigrants.
Contribution: Our results suggest that the question of the costs and benefits of a mixed marriage should be investigated for migrants as well as for nonmigrants, in order to determine whether such marriages can contribute to a two-sided understanding of immigrant integration.
Nadja Milewski - Universität Rostock, Germany
Annegret Gawron - Universität zu Köln, Germany
Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research
A decade of life-course research on fertility of immigrants and their descendants in Europe
Volume 40 - Article 46
First child of immigrant workers and their descendants in West Germany: Interrelation of events, disruption, or adaptation?
Volume 17 - Article 29
Family change and migration in the life course: An introduction
Volume 17 - Article 19
Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research
Introduction to the Special Collection on The new roles of women and men and implications for families and societies
Volume 48 - Article 29 | Keywords: well-being
A test of the predictive validity of relative versus absolute income for self-reported health and well-being in the United States
Volume 48 - Article 26 | Keywords: well-being
Union formation and fertility amongst immigrants from Pakistan and their descendants in the United Kingdom: A multichannel sequence analysis
Volume 48 - Article 10 | Keywords: migrants
Endogamy and relationship dissolution: Does unmarried cohabitation matter?
Volume 47 - Article 17 | Keywords: exogamy
Exploring the role of legal status and neighborhood social capital on immigrant economic integration in Los Angeles
Volume 46 - Article 1 | Keywords: social capital
Cited References: 75
»View the references of this article
Download to Citation Manager