Volume 40 - Article 37 | Pages 1063–1096

The living arrangements of Moroccans in Spain: Generation and time

By Chia Liu, Albert Esteve, Rocío Treviño

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Date received:22 May 2018
Date published:24 Apr 2019
Word count:6740
Keywords:childbearing, gender, intergenerational coresidence, living arrangements, marriage, migrants, second generation, youth
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2019.40.37
 

Abstract

Background: Southern Europe experienced large-scale migration in the recent decades. Compared to regions with a longer migration history, the assimilation and socialization processes of family formation and age of childbearing for young adults of migrant background is underexplored. Spain, in particular, is now home to a burgeoning second generation of which little is known.

Objective: This study explores the family living arrangements of Moroccans in Spain by migrant generation and time, using census microdata from the Integrated Public-Use Microdata Series International (IPUMS-i) and the Spanish Statistical Office (INE). We examine the living arrangements as an estimate for family processes for young adults of Moroccan origin between ages 20 to 34 separately by sex.

Methods: Taking a cross-national perspective, we examine the level of coresidence with parent(s), spouse, and child(ren) for young adults aged 20 to 34 in three groups – Moroccans in Spain, nonmigrants in Morocco, and nonmigrants in Spain – using binomial logistic regression.

Results: Results show that 1.5 and second generation Moroccan women transition into adulthood at younger ages than their Spanish counterparts, except for the ones who are highly educated. The differences in living arrangements between Moroccans in Spain and the nonmigrant Spanish population widened between 2001 to 2011, possibly due to the fact that coresidence with kin is subject to the influence of migrant stock flow.

Contribution: We incorporated a region-of-origin approach in combination with classical assimilation and socialization theories to study migrant family processes in Spain by using living arrangement as a proxy.

Author's Affiliation

Chia Liu - Max-Planck-Institut für Demografische Forschung, Germany [Email]
Albert Esteve - Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics (CED), Spain [Email]
Rocío Treviño - Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics (CED), Spain [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Towards a Geography of Unmarried Cohabitation in the Americas
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» Disentangling how educational expansion did not increase women's age at union formation in Latin America from 1970 to 2000
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» ´Just Living Together´: Implications of cohabitation for fathers’ participation in child care in Western Europe
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» Changes in educational assortative mating in contemporary Spain
Volume 14 - Article 17

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