Volume 46 - Article 19 | Pages 565–580
Gender inequality in domestic chores over ten months of the UK COVID-19 pandemic: Heterogeneous adjustments to partners’ changes in working hours
|Date received:||11 Sep 2021|
|Date published:||30 Mar 2022|
|Keywords:||childcare, COVID-19, employment, gender division of child care, gender division of labor, gender inequalities, housework|
|Updated Items:||On October 26, 2022, minor text changes were made on page 567 and 568 and in the source notes to tables and figures at the authors’ request.|
Background: COVID-19 containment measures led to a generalised decrease in working hours. The limited chances of spending time outside the home and the increased needs related to children and housekeeping triggered gender-specific reactions to unpaid labour. Little is known about changes in partners’ division of domestic chores in the months following the pandemic outspread.
Objective: Focusing on the United Kingdom, we study whether couples’ reallocation of unpaid labour after a loss of working hours during the first strict lockdown (April 2020) lasted in the following months.Focusing on the United Kingdom, we study whether couples’ reallocation of unpaid labour after a loss of working hours during the first strict lockdown (April 2020) lasted in the following months.
Methods: Relying on the UKHLS COVID-19 survey (April 2020 to January 2021) and on multivariate OLS regressions, we analyse the gender division of unpaid labour, differentiating couples according to loss of working hours and the subsequent recovery.
Results: In the short term, the partner who lost working hours promptly reacted by increasing time dedicated to unpaid labour, and this adjustment endured over the following months. However, if the man recovered working hours, we observed pre-lockdown or even higher levels of gender inequality, especially in couples with dependent children.
Conclusions: The short-term reallocation of time to unpaid labour following the first lockdown translated into more gender equality only if the male partner lost working hours. In the following months, however, all couples went back to pre-lockdown (or even higher) levels of gender inequality, except those in which the man did not recover former working hours.
Contribution: Our study documents changes in the gender division of domestic chores in response to alterations in working hours, focusing on couples in the first ten months of the COVID-19 pandemic.
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