Volume 37 - Article 63 | Pages 1975–2010 Author has provided data and code for replicating results

Differences in leaving home by individual and parental education among young adults in Europe

By Katrin Schwanitz, Clara H. Mulder, Laurent Toulemon

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Date received:03 Mar 2017
Date published:20 Dec 2017
Word count:7881
Keywords:Europe, leaving home, living arrangements, transition to adulthood, young adults
Additional files:readme.37-63 (text file, 1 kB)
 demographic-research.37-63 (zip file, 11 kB)


Background: There is a strong variation in young adults’ leaving-home behavior throughout Europe. Earlier research has indicated that individual and parental education are crucial determinants of leaving home. It is, however, unclear how country contexts shape the association between young adults' education as well as parental education and leaving the parental home.

Objective: The current study examines country differences in the effect of young adults' education and parental education on leaving the parental home for the first time across 17 European countries.

Methods: We use data from the Harmonized Histories Program for 85,243 young adults (aged 16–35 years) in 17 European countries. We estimate discrete-time competing-risks event history models of leaving home to live without a partner versus with a partner.

Results: Our results underscore the importance of the country context in shaping young adults’ leaving home and how it is affected by educational attainment, enrollment, and parental education. For example, the positive educational gradient in leaving home to live without a partner was found to be stronger in most of the Western European countries (except Austria) and less strong in Sweden and Norway and in most of the Eastern European countries (except the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland).

Contribution: This study complements and updates our understanding of leaving home in Europe by focusing on the relation between young adults’ education and parental education and leaving home across Western and Eastern European countries.

Author's Affiliation

Katrin Schwanitz - Tallinna Ülikool, Estonia [Email]
Clara H. Mulder - Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, the Netherlands [Email]
Laurent Toulemon - Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), France [Email]

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